Parts of Glider or Aircraft

A glider can be divided into three main parts:

  • Fuselage
  • Wing
  • Tail



  • The Fuselage or body of the airplane, which holds all the pieces together. It can also be defined as the main body of a glider .
  • Comparing it with a conventional aircraft, the fuselage is the main structure that houses the flight crew, passengers, and cargo.
  • Howsoever, in this case it is only a 2-D fuselage. It is cambered and in the middle portion, we attach the wing around the position where the camber is maximum by either making a slot in the fuselage, or by dividing in two parts and then attaching.
  • The front part of the fuselage is called nose. It is rounded in shape to avoid drag and to ensure smooth flow.


A wing is a type of fin that produces lift, while moving through air or some other fluid. When air flows past it, due to the difference in curvature of its upper and lower parts lift is generated, which is responsible for balancing the weight of the plane, and the body can thus fly. If you look at a glider next to a conventional powered plane, you’ll notice a significant difference in the wings. While the wings of both are similar in general shape and function, those on gliders are longer and narrower than those on conventional aircraft. The slenderness of a wing is expressed as the aspect ratio, which is calculated by dividing the square of the span of the wing by the area of the wing.

Balsa Gliders Teacher's Guide (W59616)



The function of the tailplane is to provide vertical stability and control. A tail or a stabilator is attached at the rear end of the glider. It is composed of two parts a horizontal stabilizer and a vertical stabilizer to provide stability and control to the vertical up down movement of the nose.  This up-down movement of the glider is termed pitching.